Relation between the realization of women’s rights and gender stereotypes within the legislative framework of the United Nations and European Union

Natalia Buchowska

Abstract



The author is of the opinion, that the task of the legislator, who wants to shape and promote its desired social attitudes, is to examine and define all the phenomena that affect the discrimination – the notion, perceived as undesirable. This view justifies the reason, why lawyers should show interest in the phenomenon of stereotypes. The author denotes that the clear relationship occurs between the functioning and dissemination of gender stereotypes, and discrimination against women. However the dissemination of negative gender stereotypes predominantly affects women, it requires emphasis that it results in limiting the opportunities for the development of both sexes.  The author analyzes the legislative framework of the United Nations and the European Union and indicates, that despite the development of the idea of women's rights and progress in their implementation, negative stereotypes of women still exist and still are firmly established. The author defines three most widespread stereotypes of women and shows the consequences of their existence, which results in the widespread discrimination against women in social, economic and political spheres, as evidenced by numerous statistics from reliable studies conducted by the United Nations and the European Union. The author is also of the opinion that the process of positive change of social views on the traditional role of women and men is certainly a long process and cannot be done without the inspiration and activity from the states and international organizations.


Keywords


gender stereotypes; women’s rights; discrimination against women; the United Nations; the European Union

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