The Editors strongly disapprove of ghostwriting, and guest authorship which shall be treated as scientific dishonesty. Each time such practice is detected, information thereof shall be disclosed and relevant institutions (institutions employing authors, editors associations, scientific societies) notified.
Readers must be guaranteed objectivity, clarity and fairness of the presented results of own research work of the authors in the published material irrespective of whether the latter did carry the work on their own, or availed themselves of assistance provided by third party. If this is the case, full information on institutions or other entities who have contributed to the publication by way of offering scientific, financial or other assistance must be disclosed.
The authors must certify that all persons who have made substantial contributions to the work reported in the manuscript (e.g. data acquisition, analysis, writing or editing) but do not fulfil the authorship criteria are named with their specific contributions in the Acknowledgment section of the manuscript.
The authors must certify that all persons named in the Acknowledgment section have provided the authors with written permission to be named.
The authors must certify that if an Acknowledgment section is not included, no other persons have made substantial contribution to the manuscript.
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that has been appropriately cited or quoted.