Genome editing of crop plants. Facts, no myths

Wacław Orczyk

Abstract


Article published in Science, 2012 by Jennifer A. Doudna, Emmanuelle Charpentier and their team presented a novel tool named as CRISPR/Cas9.  The original CRISPR/Cas9 tool and the whole system developed from it since then allow making precise changes in the nucleotide sequence in the defined locus of the genome. The article presents the already known as well the potential future applications of the system for improvement of cultivated plants. The separate section is devoted to present the background of the Court of Justice decision C-528/16. Discussed are the far reaching negative consequences of this, based not on the merit decision, for the future of European green biotechnology.


Keywords


conventional mutagenesis; Court of Justice C-528/16; CRISPR/Cas9 cultivated plants; domestication; genome editing; orphan crops; pathogen resistance; yield and yield quality

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