Civilization of fear and culture of hope

Józef Kozielecki


The paper deals with the impact of fear and hope on human activities. The author asserts that civilization tends to evoke fear while culture tends to induce hope. To cope with fear, people try either to escape it or to fight it. In contrast, hope helps them to solve their economic, educational and political problems. In conclusion, the author argues that we can learn to hope.


civilization of fear; culture of hope

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