Powidoki Norwida – Pierścień Wielkiej-Damy


  • Krzysztof Mrowcewicz Akademia Teatralna im. Aleksandra Zelwerowicza, Instytut Badań Literackich PAN, Warszawa

Słowa kluczowe:

Norwid, generation of 1821, romantic drama, traditionalism, innovation


The article presents the work of Polish poet Cyprian Kamil Norwid in the context of writers born in 1821 (Charles Baudelaire, Gustave Flaubert, Fyodor Dostoevsky). The author compares Flowers of Evil  to Vade mecum of Polish poet. Such a comparision reveals the innovation of Norwid’s form, but this innovation is accompanied by traditional ideas. This traditionalism is evident as well in poet’s dramatic works. The author tries to answer the question why Norwid’s plays have never been successful on stage which is the case of Pierścień Wielkiej Damy (A Ring of a Geat Lady ). The play is very well constructed, but its ending can raise doubts concerning a psychological probability. The play’s main faults are poet’s hermetic language and a verse form: a blank verse inspired by Shakespeare and difficult to present on stage in Polish language.